Folsom Man: Paleoindian Period (10,000-5,500 BC)

Paleoindian nomadic people, known as Folsom Man, survived by hunting now extinct large game species such as mammoth and bison, and smaller game species, using stone tools. Bones of extinct bison and mammoth have been excavated in the area in recent years, and stone tools belonging to Folsom Man. The first discovery of Folsom artifacts were found in the vicinity of Great Sand Dunes. Important Folsom sites in the heritage area include: the Linger Folsom site, a bison kill site; The Zapata site, a temporary camp site most likely associated with a bison kill event; and Stewart’s Cattle Guard site, a short-term bison kill and processing site.